BSE: Bombay Stock Exchange. This is India’s fastest and leading stock exchange group. It has more than 5000 companies that are listed and it is world’s top exchange in terms of its listed members. http://www.bseindia.com/
NSE: National Stock Exchange. This is another significant stock market of India.http://www.nseindia.com/
Sensex: Sensitivity Index. An index is something like an average index or performance of the market. BSE has top 30 listed companies. So if the Sensex is high, then the top 30 listed companies in the BSE have gone up. Similarly if the Sensex is low, then most of the stocks in the top 30 listed companies have gone down.
Nifty: National Fifty. It is similar to Sensex, except that it is for the NSE market. NSE has got 50 listed companies. If Nifty is high, most of the top 50 stocks listed in the NSE have gone up and if Nifty is low, most of these top 50 stocks have gone down.
CMT: Current Market Price. As the name says, it is the current value at which the stock is trading.
Debt and Equity: Debts are assets that require fixed payments to the holders. Bonds are a perfect example for debts. On the other hand Equity is commonly called the stock market. An example for equity includes shares that are traded in the BSE/NSE.
SL: Selling Price of the stock
TGT: Target Price. The price of the stock that the holder estimates. The interesting fact about the target price of the stock is, it does not have any sure line. This is the value provided by the stock analyst or advisor. If this value is reached, it could be possible that the stock has reached its best possible outcome.
NAV: Net Asset Value. This value of the fund is important to an investor. It is the asset value minus the liabilities.
Let me explain this with an example. If the fund has an asset value of say 5cr and a liability of 1cr. Then its NAV is 4Cr.
By dividing the NAV with Number of outstanding units, you can obtain the price per unit. For example if we have 4000 outstanding units, then our price per unit is 10000. And the 5Cr, which is the asset value of the fund, represents the Market capitalization.
IPO: Initial Public Offerings. This is the first sale of stock by the company to the public. A company can raise money by either issuing a debt or equity. If the company is issuing equity to the public for the first time, it is called IPO.
Some others include:
PFD: Preferred Stocks